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Objectives:
  • Identify the criteria for judging whether behavior is psychologically disordered.
  • Describe the medical model of psychological disorders, and discuss the bio-psycho-social perspective offered by critics of this model.
  • Describe the aims of DSM-IV, and discuss the potential dangers associated with the use of diagnostic labels.
  • Describe the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • Explain the development of anxiety disorders from both a learning and a biological perspective.
  • Describe major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder.
  • Explain the development of mood disorders, paying special attention to the biological and social-cognitive perspectives.
  • Describe the characteristics and possible causes of dissociative identity disorder.
  • Describe the various symptoms and types of schizophrenia, and discuss research on its causes.
  • Describe the nature of personality disorders, focusing on the characteristics of the antisocial personality disorder.
  • Describe the prevalence of various disorders and the timing of their onset.

Key Terms and Key People:
Psychological disorder, medical model, bio-psycho-social perspective, DSM IV, neurotic disorder, psychotic disorder, anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, mood disorders, major depressive disorder, manic episode, bipolar disorder, dissociative disorder, dissociative identity disorder, schizophrenia, delusions, personality disorders, antisocial personality disorder.








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