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Objectives:
  1. Trace the origins of intelligence testing, and describe Stern’s formula for the intelligence quotient.
  2. Describe the nature of intelligence, and discuss whether intelligence should be considered a general mental ability or many specific abilities.
  3. Identify the factors associated with creativity, and describe the relationship between creativity and intelligence.
  4. Describe efforts to correlate intelligence with anatomy, brain functioning, and cognitive processing speed,
  5. Distinguish between aptitude and achievement tests, and describe modern tests of mental abilities such as the WAIS.
  6. Describe test standardization, and explain the importance of appropriate standardization samples for effectively interpreting intelligence test scores.
  7. Distinguish between the reliability and validity of intelligence tests, and explain how reliability and validity are assessed.
  8. Discuss the stability of intelligence scores, and describe the two extremes of the normal distribution of intelligence.
  9. Discuss evidence for both genetic and environmental influences on intelligence.
  10. Describe group differences in intelligence test scores, and show how they can be explained in terms of environmental factors.
  11. Discuss whether intelligence tests are culturally biased.

Key Terms and Key People:
Intelligence test
intelligence
General intelligence (g)
factor analysis
Savant syndrome
emotional intelligence
Mental age
Stanford-Binet
IQ (intelligence quotient)
achievement tests
Aptitude tests
Stereotype threat
Standardization
normal curve
Reliability
validity
Content validity
predictive validity
Intellectual disability
Down Syndrome
WAIS (Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale)

Alfred Binet
Francis Galton
Howard Gardner
Daniel Goleman
Charles Spearman
Louis Terman
David Wechsler

Human Intelligence


A Detailed History of Intelligence

History of IQ Tests

MENSA

American Mensa

The MENSA workout: Challenge yourself!

Howard Gardner's Website

What does IQ Really Measure?

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