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Objectives:
  1. Discuss the importance of learning and the process of learning associations.
  2. Describe the general process of classical conditioning as demonstrated by Pavlov’s experiments.
  3. Explain the processes of acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery, generalization, and discrimination.
  4. Discuss the importance of cognitive processes and biological predispositions in classical conditioning.
  5. Explain the importance of Pavlov’s work, and describe how it might apply to an understanding of human health and well-being
  6. Describe the process of operant conditioning, including the procedure of shaping, as demonstrated by Skinner’s experiments.
  7. Identify the different types of reinforcers, and describe the major schedules of partial reinforcement.
  8. Discuss the effects of punishment on behavior.
  9. Discuss the importance of cognitive processes and biological predispositions in operant conditioning.
  10. Explain why Skinner’s ideas were controversial, and describe some major applications of operant conditioning.
  11. Describe the process of observational learning as demonstrated by Bandura’s experiments, and discuss the impact of antisocial and prosocial modeling.


Essential Questions:
  • How do psychologists define learning?
  • How do principles of classical conditioning work to create learning?
  • How do principles of operant conditioning work to create learning?
  • How do principles of observational learning work to create learning


Key Terms and Key People:
Learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
unconditioned response (UCR)
unconditioned stimulus (USC)
conditioned response (CR)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
acquisition
extinction
spontaneous recovery
generalization
discrimination
operant conditioning
law of effect
operant chamber, shaping, reinforcer, primary reinforcer, conditioned reinforcer (secondary reinforcers), continuous reinforcement, partial (intermittent) reinforcement, fixed-ratio schedule, variable-ratio schedule, fixed-interval schedule, variable-interval schedule, punishment, cognitive map, latent learning, overjustification effect, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, observational learning, modeling, mirror neurons, prosocial behavior.
















Conditioning Study Guide

Conditioning Examples