memory1-290x300.jpg










Objectives:

• Explain the levels of encoding and processes used to increase retention and enhance encoding.
• Explain the components of working memory.
• Explain how information is organized and represented in memory.
• Describe how information is stored in memory and how it is retrieved.
• Describe retrieval cues and the importance of the misinformation effect.
•Describe strategies for memory improvement.
• Explain Ebbinghaus’s forgetting curve as well as reasons we forget.


Essential Questions:
  • How do humans encode, store, and retrieve information from memory?
  • How can humans enhance memory encoding, storage, and retrieval?


Key Terms and Key People:
Memory
Flashbulb memory
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
Sensory memory
Short-term memory
Long-term memory
Working memory
Parallel processing
Automatic processing
Effortful processing
Rehearsal
Spacing effect
Serial position effect
Visual encoding
Acoustic encoding
Semantic encoding
Imagery
Mnemonics
Chunking
Iconic memory
Echoic memory
Long-term potentiation (LTP)
Amnesia
Implicit memory
Explicit memory
Hippocampus
Recall
Recognition
Relearning
Priming
Déjà vu
Mood congruent memory
Proactive interference
Retroactive interference
Repression
Misinformation effect
Source amnesia








Working Memory