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Objectives:

  • Discuss the aims and methods of psychoanalysis and
  • Explain the critics’ concerns with this form of therapy
  • Note how psychodynamic experts have tried to address the criticisms
  • Identify the basic characteristics of the humanistic therapies as well as the specific goals and techniques of client-centered therapy.
  • Identify the basic assumptions of behavior therapy, and discuss the classical conditioning techniques of systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning.
  • Describe therapeutic applications of operant conditioning principles, and explain the critics’ concerns with this behavior modification process.
  • Describe the assumptions and goals of the cognitive therapies and their application to the treatment of depression.
  • Discuss the rationale and benefits of group therapy, including family therapy.
  • Discuss the findings regarding the effectiveness of the psychotherapies, and explain why ineffective therapies are often mistakenly perceived to be of value.
  • Describe the commonalties among the psychotherapies and discuss the role of values and of cultural differences in the therapeutic process.
  • Identify the common forms of drug therapy.
  • Describe the use of electroconvulsive therapy and psychosurgery in the treatment of psychological disorders.
  • Explain the rationale of preventive mental health programs.

Key Terms and Key People:
Psychotherapy
eclectic approach
psychoanalysis
resistance
interpretation
transference
client-centered therapy
active listening
behavior therapy
counter conditioning
exposure therapies
systematic desensitization
aversive conditioning
token economy
cognitive therapy
cognitive-behavior therapy
family therapy
regression toward the mean
meta-analysis
psychopharamacoloty
lithium,
electrocovulsive
therapy (ECT)
psychosurgery
lobotomy

Radio Lab: Placebo Effect

Psych Sim 5: Myster Therapist